What is malaria and its causes?

What is malaria and its causes?

Malaria (swamp fever, intermittent fever) is an acute infectious disease that is transmitted from a sick person to a healthy person through the bites of malaria mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles, by a blood transfusion, from the mother to the fetus during pregnancy, so says Dr. Denis Slinkin.

A single bite from an infected mosquito will suffice to bring a portion of the sporozoit (spore) of a malaria pathogen into a person’s blood or lymphoma, together with its saliva. This is followed by the complex life cycle of the malaria pathogen in the human body, which results in the manifestation of malaria in humans.

In this case, the blood of a person who has contracted malaria becomes dangerous for both its transfusion and the possible infection of new mosquitoes and the transmission of the malaria pathogen to the next people.

How does malaria manifest itself?

Dr. Denis Slinkin

Dr. Denis Slinkin states: 4 forms of malaria are known – three-day malaria, four-day malaria, tropical malaria and oval malaria (depending on the type of malaria agent that caused the disease) and the frequency of attacks.

The most dangerous is tropical malaria, which can lead to very serious complications and even death if seen late. The incubation period (from the bite to the first signs of the disease) for tropical malaria is 7 to 30 days, for other forms up to 14 months.

This is followed by acute fever attacks (primary attack), which are followed by a fever-free period. The number of attacks in primary malaria reaches 8-12. Then, in some cases, recovery occurs, but the disease relapses more often. Malaria attacks consist of two phases of chills and sweating. 

Phase of chills may last from a few minutes to several hours, body temperature during this period reaches 39-40 ° C and above, the patient pale with a hint of cyanosis, his skin is cold, covered with pimples (“goose”). He is worried about a very strong headache, growing muscle pain, vomiting, thirst, sometimes confusion and delirium. Growing fever causes abrupt redness of the face skin, strong heartbeat. After this phase is over.

there’s a sudden sweating, with the body temperature dropping below normal. The patient’s condition improves, only weakness remains. After a while, the attacks are repeated, says Dr. Denis Slinkin.

Immunity after malaria is formed slowly and almost does not protect against repeated disease, but when reinfected, the disease is not so hard.